Moreover, Water harvesting using infrastructures and physical assets like roof catchments, water pans, check dams, storage tanks, bore holes for irrigation, domestic use and animal watering points, installation of micro irrigation kits for kitchen gardens are being implemented case in point is Horn Aid Kenya as a sub entity of TARDA, has a mandate to enhancing Climate resilient agricultural, agro-forestry, pastoral and agro-pastoral production systems to improve food security in Wajir and Garissa Counties and improving climate resilient water management systems to enhance food security in Wajir and Garissa Counties.
The area is an Arid – Semi arid land with a fragile ecosystem with erratic and unpredictable rainfall resulting in shortage of water, poor crop production and depletion of pastures leading to massive loss of livestock and livelihoods – arid conditions have worsened due to prolonged drought as a result of climate change. Establishment of appropriate physical assets and infrastructure of water harvesting storage and irrigation was implemented. Water pans sites were identified, designed and the communities are in agreement with HAK.
Horn Aid Kenya will purchase and sow 20,000kgs of drought tolerant grass seeds for fodder production such as, Rhodes and Aucher’s grasses’. The entity has also enhanced land productivity through ecological land use systems, conservation strategies and management technologies; it has established 10 communities based green zones as reported in the NEMA progress report so far 7 target areas were identified; these include Boji Yare, Bilil Burbur, Alan godere and Lampip; Wajir County and Daad Bulle, Sankure; Garissa County. Increase of animal production through drought-tolerant animal breeds such as Camels and Gala goats. Camel’s milk is more nutrient rich than cow’s milk for children under five years of age, while the Gala goats mature very fast and produce rich milk too that can be relied upon during droughts as food.
However there are some challenges that have been faced in these areas, for instance the purchasing of fodder production hasn’t taken place yet, because of various reasons. Slow actualization of the project as the Executing Entity is categorized as High risk and also poor infrastructure which is hindering smooth transition of materials and services to the sites, has slowed down the process.