ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND CO-ORDINATION ACT, 1999 (ACT NO 8 OF 1999)
The Environmental Management and Coordination Act (EMCA), 1999, is the framework law on environmental management and conservation. EMCA establishes among others the following institutions; National Environment Management Authority, Public Complaints Committee, National Environment Tribunal, National Environment Action Plan Committees, and County Environment Committees. The National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) was established as the principal instrument of government charged with the implementation of all policies relating to the environment, and to exercise general supervision and coordination over all matters relating to the environment. In consultation with the lead agencies, NEMA is empowered to develop regulations, prescribe measures and standards and, issue guidelines for the management and conservation of natural resources and the environment. The Act provides for environmental protection through;
- Environmental impact assessment
- Environmental audit and monitoring
- Environmental restoration orders, conservation orders, and easements.
NEMA is also the Designated National Authority for certain Multilateral Environmental Agreements.