Adaptation Fund Programme
The NIE (National Implementing Entity) for Kenya is the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA). NEMA was nominated by the Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources to be the NIE under the Adaptation Fund (AF). It then obtained its accreditation after it successfully met the fiduciary standards set by the AF Board.
Since, the establishment of NEMA in 2002, it has worked closely with lead agencies and development partners such as UNEP, UNDP, UNFCC, World Bank, DANIDA among others in order to achieve its vision of being a world class Environmental Management Authority.
In March 2012, NEMA obtained accreditation as a National Implementing Entity (NIE) by the Adaptation Fund Board of UNFCCC. This accreditation gave NEMA the mandate to offer vetting, approval and supervision of projects financed by the Adaptation Fund. Later on, NEMA submitted the Kenya Climate Change Adaptation Programme (KCCAP) Proposal to the AF Board for its consideration. The Proposal was approved and NEMA received approximately Ksh.1 Billion for its implementation.
Adaptation Fund Programme launched
The National Environment Management Authority launched a Sh1 billion climate change programme titled ‘Integrated Programme to Build Resilience to Climate Change and Adaptive Capacity of Vulnerable Communities in Kenya’ that will be implemented in 14 counties. The launch was held on 29th January, 2016 at Boma Hotel, South C in Nairobi.
The programme will be implemented in conjunction with three executing entities namely Coast Development Authority, Kenya Forestry Research Institute and Tana and Athi River Development Authority and eight other Sub Executing Entities.
Green Climate Fund (GCF)
The GCF is a finance mechanism established under the UNFCCC. This fund is established to fund climate change adaptation and mitigation projects in developing countries.
The accreditation process assessed applicants entities in terms of their capacity to manage resources GCF in line with the fiduciary standards of the Fund according to the scale and type of funding requested, as well as the ability to manage environmental and social risks may arise in the project level. During the evaluation they were also considered the Gender Policy of the Entities applied. The Fund is a unique global initiative to respond to climate change by investing into low-emission and climate-resilient development. Given the urgency and seriousness of the challenge, the Fund is mandated to make an ambitious contribution to the united global response to climate change.
GCF is accountable to the United Nations. It is guided by the principles and provisions of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It is governed by a Board of 24 members, comprising an equal number of members from developing and developed countries. The Green Climate Fund is the only stand-alone multilateral financing entity whose sole mandate is to serve the Convention and that aims to deliver equal amounts of funding to mitigation and adaptation.
With regards to this, GCF accepted the application of National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) based on its eligibility to be accredited as an Implementing Entity (IE) under the Green Climate Fund. The decision was made during the twelfth meeting of the GCF Board, held from 8th to 10th March 2016, in Songdo, Korea.
NEMA is the national implementing entity for Adaptation Fund project pipeline in Kenya. Following the GCF accreditation, NEMA has become the first government institution in Kenya, accredited to have direct access for GCF funding of up to USD 0-10 million. This follows NEMA’s application submitted in May 2015 to the GCF board for accreditation.
The accreditation process assessed applicants entities in terms of their capacity to manage GCF resources in line with the fiduciary standards of the Fund according to the scale and type of funding requested, as well as the ability to manage environmental and social risks which may arise in the project level.
At the meeting held in S. Korea further policy decisions were made to strengthen alliances and grow the portfolio of projects throughout 2016.
These include the adoption of the first strategic plan of the Fund, its work plan for 2016 were taken/was approved, and the accreditation of a total of 13 new entities.
In addition to NEMA, the other new entities are: Agency for Agricultural Development in Morocco (ADA), Ministry of Finance and Economic Cooperation of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia (MOFEC), Unit for Rural Change (UCAR), Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA);Crédit Agricole (CréditAgricole CIB);HSBC and subsidiaries (HSBC);African Development Bank (AfDB);European Investment Bank (EIB);International Finance Corporation (IFC);World Food Programme (WFP);International Union for Conservation of Nature and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).