National Guidelines for Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is a range of analytical and participatory approaches that aim to integrate environmental consideration into Policies, Plans, and Programs (PPP) and evaluate the interlinkages with economic and social considerations. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process which in various circumstances has been confused with SEA, inadequately deals with cumulative, synergistic, secondary, and/or long-term impacts which can be addressed when policies, plans, and programs (PPP) are subjected to a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) process. SEA can analytically and systematically integrate environmental issues into PPP formulation through a rigorous stakeholder engagement process among others. SEA is not always mandatory for all PPPs. SEA developers are thus expected to follow the SEA administrative procedures to allow NEMA adequately advise on the need for an SEA.